Welcome to INTERFAITH REFLECTIONS. As a partner in Interfaith Solidarity Network, you are warmly invited to join in this interfaith dialogue. Whether you’re a member of the clergy or a lay member of a congregation, please send your Interfaith Reflections submission (of any length) to Andy Carmichael, Communications Chair at ISN.

September 15, 2021 

Thanks to CNN Business for this interesting article:

How to practice religion could be a big question for some space tourists

September 13, 2021 Two reflections on the High Holy Days.

A reflection from Rabbi Heather Miller, ISN Partner and Founder of Keeping It Sacred

Yom Kippur is a time of searching out the inner chambers of our hearts. The places that are wounded, the places that are grateful. The places that yearn for peace and comfort. The work of the High Holy Day season is that of unlocking these chambers, and working toward healing and greater wholeness so that we might ensure a good and sweet new year ahead.

Turning inward is actually a turning upwards into the realm of the spiritual. There, The Zohar (Tikkunei Zohar 26b:4), teaches:

There is a palace of tears,

to which no one can gain entrance

except through crying,

and there is a palace of song

to which no one can gain entrance

except through song.

In these final Days of Awe, we approach the palace of tears, the palace of song. Unlocking their gates through a deep exploration of our greatest hurts and our greatest joys from the past year. What will you find there?

Please join us as we gather as a global community yearning for the transformation that these Holy Days promise: a spiritual conclusion from last year and commencement into this new year. Tears and song and everything in between are welcome.

Please join our beautiful intergenerational, international, introspective, and inclusive community to mark this most sacred time of year. It is not too late to register; the gates are open. All are welcome. All programs are free. To register, click here.

Together, may we make it a sweet, happy, and healthy new year!

Together, may we continue our work #keepingitsacred…


A reflection from Rabbi Faith Tessler, Desert Hot Springs Jewish Community & Director of Internships and Placement at the Academy for Jewish Religion, California.

                                      Rosh Hashanah 2021:     PERSPECTIVE

Genesis 22: Abraham and Isaac arrive at the mountain, and Abraham does

indeed prepare Isaac to be sacrificed. But at the last moment, an angel of God

stops him. Behind him, he sees a ram caught in the bushes, and Abraham

sacrifices the ram instead of his son.

One sentence jumped out at me THIS year when reading this. Verse 4 says: On

the third day Abraham lifted his eyes and saw the place in the distance.

On the third day…

they walked for 3 days…

so much time for Abraham to consider what God was asking of him. And the

mountain was yet in the distance… even more time to reconsider.

And Isaac…. What was he thinking all the while? We often picture Isaac as a

child when we think of this Torah portion, but he was a grown man – by most

accounts, in his twenties or thirties. If he suspected he was in danger, why did

he continue the journey?

And lastly, what about Sarah who is completely absent from the story? Where

was she? What did she know? What did she do?

So many questions.

The truth is, we don’t REALLY have any text-based answers. We only have

midrash… stories… opinions which explain these events from different


Some say Abraham knew all along that God wouldn’t REALLY have him sacrifice

his son. Others say he set out on the journey fully committed to sacrificing

Isaac, feeling that he had no choice.

Some say Isaac knew he was going to be sacrificed and went along with it

anyway. Others say he had no idea.

And Sarah? Her perspective has been largely ignored until recently. Some say

she knew nothing about what Abraham was planning. Other modern

midrashists say it was she who placed the ram on the mountaintop, and that it

was she who was the “angel of God” who cried out to Abraham to stop the

sacrifice of their son.

Differing opinions, with each midrashist or storyteller putting forth their version

of the truth, yet each version completely different from the other. Different

opinions… differing perspectives.

Perspective – the individual lens through which we view life and the world

around us. By definition the perspective of each of us differs one to the next

shaped by knowledge and experience, shaped as well by emotions and

geographical, political, and socio-economic factors.

Each of us having our own perspective is a good thing, a normal thing, a human

thing. We run into trouble when we become so entrenched in our own

perspective that we leave no room for another’s.

I don’t know if it’s the internet…

Or 24-hour television news…

Or social media…

Or the pandemic…

Or something else entirely…

But something is polarizing us. Some power is forcing us to square off against

each other simply BECAUSE our perspectives differ.

I’ll confess… I’m guilty. Lately, when I encounter differing opinions from my

own, be they about politics or abortion or gun control or vaccinations… I yell at

my television or, if I’m on social media, I mutter the word “idiot” under my


I don’t believe I am alone in these types of responses.

Somewhere along the way, we as individuals, and therefore we as a country

seem to be losing valuable character traits like patience, tolerance, and most

importantly, I think… curiosity.

Curiosity… the ability to wonder – why do you think that? How is that possible?

Who told you that? Can you tell me more to help me understand? Questions…

curiosity… the only way out of an entrenched perspective.

And what happens when we ask questions? First, time elapses as we wait for a

response. Time, in terms of character development, equals patience. Taking

time to listen, to truly hear and absorb the response of another might lead to

better understanding, and if not agreement, then at least perhaps, respect for

differing opinions. Curiosity enables us to open a dialogue rather than remain

in our own personal monologues. Instead of a knee-jerk reaction out of anger

or frustration or fear, we can share information and move toward tolerance.

Patience, understanding, respect… all benefits of simple curiosity. Because when

we ask questions, we ENGAGE with another. And when we engage, we move

from our polarized positions of contention to more positive places of

acceptance and peace.

Earlier today, we sang the Vahavta prayer. You know it –

Vahavta et Adonai Elohecha, b’chol l’vavcha, uv’chol nafsh’cha,

uv’chol m’odecha.

One traditional teaching  says we should love God, and therefore each other, b’chol l’vavcha

– with all our heart, meaning we must strive to keep our hearts open so that we

may be tolerant and respectful, and attuned to the joy AND the suffering of

others. With an open heart, we can work for the world that could be.

The prayer says we should love God, and therefore each other, b’chol nafsh’cha

– with all our spirit or mind. Stay curious, ask questions, marvel at the wonder

of the world as it is.

And the Vahavta teaches us to love God, and therefore each other, b’chol

m’odecha – with all our strength. We must open our hands, use our time and

energy to work for our common good so that we may bring into existence a

world of peace and tolerance, a world as it ought to be.

Legend has it that in days of old, Rabbi Akiva’s students were evil to one

another, and a plague broke out. More than 24,000 students died. In time, they

came to see that the problem was the hate they had for each other. Once they

realized this, the story goes, the plague came to an end.

We too are in the midst of a plague. I’m not referring to Covid, but to the

pandemic of hate and distrust and polarization that has spread through this

wonderful country in which we are blessed to live.

In this new year, and in every year going forward, let us be curious, patient,

tolerant. And please God, may we cultivate love and acceptance, rather than

hate and denial. In this way, we CAN put an end to this plague, just as they did

in Rabbi Akiva’s time.

A poem, by Trisha Arlin, titled “This Day”:

Blessed are You Adonai, Creator, Created, Creating.

On this day, we pray for change and hope

For ourselves and the world.

On this day… every day…

Instead of anger, we choose kindness.

Instead of revenge, we choose justice.

Instead of resentment, we choose empathy.

Instead of ideology, we choose compromise.

Instead of destruction, we choose community.

Instead of fear, we choose endurance.

Instead of violence, we choose peace.

Blessed are You, Adonai, Creator, Created, Creating.

On this day

And every day of this new year

We give thanks for the power of change and hope.



A reflection from Rabbi Jim Kaufman, Emeritus Rabbi, Temple Beth Hillel, ISN Board Member and Chair of the ISN Program Committee

ISRAEL:  Prayers Contend Rather Than Blend

Millions daily turn eastward to Jerusalem. Jews to the Western Wall of the Temple Mount. Christians to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Muslims to the Dome of the Rock. And the prayers blend peacefully in the easterly winds.

Israel, is a very sensitive and complex interfaith topic under normal circumstances. When tensions devolve to war and death, interfaith dialogue practically ceases and our prayers contend rather than blend.

Though the “Palestinian-Israeli conflict” (surely an understatement) is a geo-political struggle between Palestinians and Israelis, adherents of Islam, Judaism and Christianity are swept into the “conflict” because of the importance of Israel in their respective faith constructs.

If only Israel, after its establishment 73 years ago could embody the vision of 19th Century thinker Ahad Haam. He did not see every Jew moving to Israel but wrote of an Israel as a generator of such spiritual force that its  existence had a worldwide impact. He knew as well that with the reality of Muslim and Christian holy sites, Israel could be a spiritual center for much of the world’s faith community, a cultural center whose spiritual energies emanated outward from it to the world, from Jewish, Christian and Muslim holy places there, to Jews, Christians and Muslims living in everywhere.

There are 2.3 billion Christians, 2 billion Muslims, and 13 million Jews in the world, constituting almost 55% of the world’s religious population. For  Christians and Muslims it is not a “homeland”  but an historical and spiritual center. For Jews it is a very necessary “homeland”, given the history of anti-Semitism.

So, yes it is by necessity a Jewish state but take a look at this excerpt from its Declaration of Independence declared May 14, 1948, 73 years ago:

THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open for Jewish immigration and for the Ingathering of the Exiles; it will foster the development of the country for the benefit of all its inhabitants; it will be based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel; it will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions; and it will be faithful to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

America, born in 1776, took 13 years to finally adopt a Constitution and Bill of Rights in 1789 that established the governmental apparatus to eventually achieve equality of its citizenry.

However, at age 73, Israel still has yet to ratify a “Constitution” that would create the path to fulfilling the vision of the 1948 Declaration, and ultimately the Biblical vision of Ahad Haam: Israel as a positive spiritual force throughout the world.

“And Israel shall be a light unto the nations.” (Isaiah 49:6)

Though a Constitution of the State of Israel has been on the “back burner” since 1948, Israel has yet to adopt it. Thus what guides the country is not a nationally agreed upon set of laws and values but what the Knesset (the governing body of Israel) votes on any given day. (Unless the judicial system rules it illegal) Bottom line: there is no “Israeli Bill of Rights”, no set of equally applied civil rights to all who live there. Surely the 20% of its citizens who are not Jewish and the millions of Palestinians in the occupied territories are most times living lives minimally as “second class citizens”, and oftimes suffocatingly oppressed and tyrannized.

Am I a supporter of a “two state solution” to the “conflict”? Indeed. But even when (and I do believe “when” and not “if”) a secure and independent Israel and a secure and independent Palestine become a reality, Israel still must grow to be more than a technological wonder state, it must be a positive spiritual locus for 55% of the world. Only Israel, not Palestine, can be a potent spiritual symbol for all three religions.

As a Rabbi for almost 50 years, I have delivered countless sermons imploring American Jews to support Israel while at the same time imploring Israel to affect the vision of Ahad Haam.

At this writing (May 18, 2021) Israel is a source of fear and pain for the Israelis and the Palestinians who live there. For us here, Jew, Christian, and Muslim, Israel’s spiritual role in our lives is diminished as we mourn the loss of life and in the throes of this chaotic darkness, lose sight of an Israel that can be a symbol of spiritual diversity living in unity and peace.

We are geographically dislocated from Israel, physically thousands of miles away, yet spiritually so close in mind and heart. (A prayer book text comes to mind: “God, Thou art as close to us as breathing and yet art farther than the farthermost star.”) Our prayers ascend from California, yet drift in one direction, Jerusalem, eastward:  Western Wall, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Dome of the Rock.

May we be a source of light and hope for every Israeli and Palestinian as we unite in solidarity to pray for peace and dignity, an Israel that with our faith and support can truly become a “light unto all the nations”.

And may each of us, during our own prayers, summon a compassionate “listening ear” for the prayers of our neighbors.


Here is a reflection from Jane Nichol who attends Temple Judea, and is an ISN Eco Justice Committee Member. This was Jane’s contribution to our April 25 ‘Sacred Ground’ event.

I’m going to share a few thoughts based on the Earth Justice Haggadah from our Passover celebration in April.

Passover reminds us of the profound truth that there is nothing more essential to life than to live in harmony with the land.

We can’t afford to pray and hope alone, of course; we need to work, diligently, to make the world just a little more ready for redemption, for sustainability.

Let us declare all we’ve done so far dayenu, enough for us. And for all that must yet be done, together, let us say “od LO dayenu, it’s not yet enough.”

Let us dream of that far-off mythic day when we are “done” with the work of Creation care:

  • when the climate is stabilized
  • pollution is ended
  • environmental justice is established
  • our sacred ground is restored, and
  • everyone has become a shomer Adamah, guardian of the Earth.

Today, let us celebrate the work we’ve done so far in that direction, and declare it “good,” and “done.”

Tomorrow, let’s pick up where all previous efforts have left off, and bring our world one more small step towards redemption. Together.

Thoughts on January 6, 2021

By The Rt. Rev. John Harvey Taylor
VII Episcopal Bishop of Los Angeles

We have all been shocked and saddened by scenes in Washington DC today. Armed insurrectionists, in an attempt to overturn the results of a free and fair election, stormed the US Capitol Building.  We pray for them because they believed in the lies they were told by the President of the United States. Their actions threaten the very pillars of our democracy, as well as the safety of those who work inside the Capitol and those who work and live in the surrounding area.
Let us recognize that we are in a valley of moral injury, and pray for the President and others who inflict this upon our nation. Moral injury is defined as a betrayal of what is right by someone who holds legitimate authority in a high stakes environment. We pray that we may be saved from this time of trial.
We of Interfaith Solidarity Network invoke scripture to speak truth and pray for a reordering of our nation in nonviolence, peace, justice and mercy.

. . . if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will heal their land.
2 Chronicles 7:14 (NIV)

Be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his power. Put on the whole armor of God, so that we may stand against the wiles of evil in our midst. For our struggle is not against enemies of blood and flesh, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers of this present darkness…stand firm in truth and righteousness. As shoes put on whatever will make you ready to proclaim the gospel of peace.
Ephesians 6: 10-15

Now there has come to you from God a light and a clear divine writ, through
which God guides all who seek his goodly acceptance of paths of peace . . .

Quran 5:15-16

A Prayer for this Evening
God of mercy and peace, source of all light and love: Calm every troubled heart in our country as a polarized people grapples with our divisions, resentments, and fears. By your grace, may the conflict in Washington come to a peaceful end. May the lawful work of the United States Congress and the United States Government resume so that the interests and will of the people are respected, with truth and justice for all. Amen.


Good Friday: End the Death Penalty                                               

By Daniel Tamm, ISN Board Chair

Let us on this Good Friday call attention to the urgency of ending racist, arbitrary, and immoral state-sanctioned killing. Let the word go out to the Biden-Harris administration to honor their commitment and bring an end to the federal death penalty.

Today we recall the state-sanctioned killing of Jesus Christ. In the trial narrative in the Gospel of John (17:1-16), it is Pilate’s very human behavior and political instincts that we are focused on. He knows he’s got nothing. After continually trying to release Jesus in the face of strenuous objections by the chief priests and police, it is political self-interest that Pilate finally responds to. He cannot allow negative news to reach Rome that might suggest that he’s appeasing a colonized troublemaker who may be setting himself up against the emperor, as ridiculous as that is in reality.

In a more recent context, how do we account for the acceleration in federal executions by the Trump administration in July 2020 if not political self- interest? He seizes an opportunity to demonstrate dominance, a perception of strength leading up to Election Day. It fits his profile.

Here is the list of federal executions that resumed in July 2020:

July 14, Daniel Lewis Lee

July 16, Wesley Ira Purkey

July 17, Dustin Lee Honken

August 26, Lezmond Charles Mitchell

August 28, Keith Dwayne Nelson

September 22, William Emmett LeCroy Jr.

September 24, Christopher Andre Vialva

November 19, Orlando Cordia Hall

December 10, Brandon Bernard

December 11, Alfred Bourgeois

January 13, Lisa Montgomery

January 14, Cory Johnson

January 15, Dustin John Higgs

These government killings represent more federal executions in the final months of the president’s term than in the previous 67 years combined. What heightens the cruelty of this extreme violence is that nearly half of them were carried out after Joe Biden, who professes opposition to the death penalty, won the November election.

Our country is still a long way from recovering from this kind of moral injury inflicted on us over the past four years. Our deep collective soul wound will need long time healing.

Support for death as punishment has been steadily losing ground.

In 1967, Lenny Bruce famously said, “If Jesus had been killed twenty years ago, Catholic school children would be wearing little electric chairs around their necks instead of crosses.”
Lenny Bruce, How to Talk Dirty and Influence People

Today, more and more, people have begun to accept that fundamental values and rule of law do not require that we kill people to punish them. There is no scientific evidence that supports its effectiveness. Wrongful convictions occur. According to Death Penalty Information Center, for every 8.3 peo­ple exe­cut­ed in the Unit­ed States in the mod­ern era of the death penal­ty, one per­son on death row has been exon­er­at­ed.

Flaws exist in any system. Sometimes law enforcement overreaches. Sometimes prosecutors overreach. Sometimes jurors are dishonest, evidence is unstable, the quality of counsel varies and issues are missed or never raised.

If we look deeper into the historical context, we find a direct connection to slavery. Prosecutors overwhelmingly choose to pursue the death penalty in cases involving white people if a Black man is accused, especially if the case involves a white female.

In late 2019, a national Gallup Poll found only 36% of Americans supported death when the choice of life without parole was offered.

Outspoken leaders are changing the laws. On March 24, 2021, Governor Ralph Northam of Virginia, signed legislation to abolish the death penalty in that state. He is quoted as saying, “There is no place today for the death penalty in this commonwealth, in the South, or in this nation…Signing this new law is the right thing to do,” Northam said. “It is the moral thing to do.”

Attending the ceremony, Mike Mullin, a criminal prosecutor and sponsor of the abolition legislation, made this point, “We’ve carried out the death penalty in extraordinarily unfair fashion,” he said. “Only four times out of nearly 1400 [executions] was the defendant white and the victim Black.” Rev. LaKeisha Cook, justice reform organizer for the Virginia Interfaith Center for Public Policy, added “Today, we start a new chapter, embracing the possibility of a new, evidence-based approach to public safety: one that values the dignity of all human beings and is focused on transforming the justice system into one that is rooted in fairness, accountability, and redemption.”

And Robert Dunham, Executive Director of Death Penalty Information Center, noted, “The symbolic value of a legislature sitting in the former capital of the Confederacy dismantling this tool of racial oppression cannot be overstated.” Virginia is the 11th state in 16 years to abolish the death penalty.

Sister Helen Prejean, in a recent article in The Nation entitled “President Biden is Our Chance to End the Death Penalty” (02/08/21) found that a guideline for government killing that the Supreme Court set forth in 1976 in the Gregg v. Georgia decision when it reinstituted the death penalty is flawed. A provision of the decision is that it only be imposed on “the worst of the worst.” Sr. Helen reacted to the vagueness of that criterion in light of equal protection under the law. She writes that “over the last 45 years a profile of the ‘worst of the worst’ has clearly emerged: poor people who cannot afford an attorney to defend them; people who are mentally ill; those who were broken by neglect, abuse, and violence in their childhood; and the most glaring, pervasive characteristic of all, those who killed white people.”

Legislation has been introduced by Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL) and Representative Ayanna Pressley (D-MA) that would end capital punishment at the federal level and require the resentencing of all federal inmates on death row. Let us pray together in collective action and advocate to end this deeply flawed punishment once and for all.

Daniel Tamm

Good Friday, April 2, 2021


This Interfaith Reflection comes from Rabbi Jim Kaufman, Emeritus Rabbi, Temple Beth Hillel and ISN Board member.


(BROADSIDE definition: a strongly worded comment”)

Surely you have seen the pictured bus bench around the San Fernando Valley?  You perhaps wondered: What is that scribbling? What does it mean? It is Hebrew. From the Torah, the first five books of Hebrew Scriptures. You’ll find it in the book of Leviticus, chapter 19, and verse 18. Translation: “…and you shall love your neighbor as you love yourself.” (V’ahavta l’rayacha kamocha”)

These words have been on scores of bus benches long before the pandemic, so the original intent of the “advertiser” (whose identity I do not know) was not to target the American who considers Covid 19 a hoax and therefore warrants no protective response. This message must have originally been intended to address the heightened disrespect for different political leanings and the resulting dysfunction that it prompted in the macro, our governmental process, and in the micro, in our filial ties and circle of friends. The political rancor that permeates American life is so toxic; it has driven one person to purchase advertising space on bus benches imploring people to “love your neighbor as you love yourself”. Implying of course that in the realm of “self-love” we do come to accept those aspects of ourselves that we do not like or do not understand. And if we can accept them for ourselves, we should surely do so for others.

But then Covid 19 strikes and this “bus bench broadside” makes the demand for love, or at least tolerance, of others more imperative, even life saving.

But let’s look for a moment at Leviticus 19:18 and notice a few things:

In Hebrew, it is in “command” form. Hardly a suggestion: “You shall love your neighbor as you love yourself!”

But can we command “love”?

The answer lies in the detail surrounding Leviticus 19:18:

  Lev. 19:1  “You shall be holy”- you shall live an ethical, moral life

     Lev. 19:10  “. . . and when you harvest your vineyard, . . . you shall leave the fallen   fruit for the poor and the stranger who are in need.”

     Lev. 19:11  “. . . you shall not lie to one another”.

     Lev. 19:12  “. . . you shall not oppress our neighbor”.

     Lev. 19:15  “You shall not favor the poor or the rich, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor.”

     Lev. 19:16  “You shall not gossip, spread false tales . . .”

     Lev. 19: 18  “You shall not bear a grudge nor wreak vengeance upon your neighbor, but you shall love your neighbor as you love yourself.”

No, you can’t  “command” love but you can create that love with specific legislation that will lead to “love”. And that is what Leviticus 19 seeks to do. Personal and communal holiness is achieved when a set of behaviors as elucidated in this famous Biblical chapter (called “The Holiness Code”) is achieved.  The path to “true love” is ethical behavior.

Imagine if everyone just adhered as best as humanly possible to the above commands, if would indeed obviate the necessity for commanding “love”. If you execute successfully on Leviticus 19, verses 1 through 17, you’ll achieve Leviticus 19:18. In these Covid times, Leviticus 19:18 and all of the injunctions surrounding it demand that we do NOT say:

“I am more “essential” than my neighbor”.

“I must be moved ahead of my neighbor in the “vaccine” queue”.

“I don’t need to wear a mask, its silly, its inconvenient, and its uncomfortable”.

“I know many have died, but not in my family and I still believe this is a hoax”

Leviticus 19 – all of it – simply reminds us that my life is equal to the life of another and my behavior, to be ethical (holy) must facilitate the “common good”. That’s why the injunction to “love your neighbor” is preceded by a set of commands that will create the matrix for love.  Leviticus 19 in its totality, commands  “circumspection”, underpinning  the belief that your life is just as essential  as mine. Contemplate your behavior before you act. Is it only for your own good or is it for the “common good” as well?

And so our “Bus Bench Broadside” is commanding some circumspection at this historic introspective period in American life. Yes, wear a mask, social distance and shelter whenever possible . . . all for yourself and for the common good. And yes, before you get in line for a shot, consider whether someone else is either equally in need or even more in need than you.

So I am offering this rewrite of Leviticus 19:18: 

“Love your neighbor as you love yourself” – even if it requires some self-sacrifice.

Much to learn from a bus bench.